lillian gish

lillian gish

The birth of a nation (1915) / Раждането на една нация

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Directed by D. W. Griffith Produced by D. W. Griffith Harry Aitken Written by D. W. Griffith T. F. Dixon, Jr. Frank E. Woods Starring Lillian Gish Mae Marsh Henry B. Walthall Miriam Cooper Ralph Lewis George Siegmann Music by Joseph Carl Breil Cinematography G.W. Bitzer Editing by D. W. Griffith Studio David W. Griffith Corp. Distributed by Epoch Producing Co. Release date February 8, 1915 Running time 133 minutes[2] (Original release) 190 minutes (at 16 frame/s) Country United States For the 1982 film of the same name, see Birth of a Nation (1982 film). The Birth of a Nation Birth of a Nation theatrical poster.jpg Theatrical release poster Directed by D. W. Griffith Produced by D. W. Griffith Harry Aitken[1] Written by D. W. Griffith T. F. Dixon, Jr. Frank E. Woods Starring Lillian Gish Mae Marsh Henry B. Walthall Miriam Cooper Ralph Lewis George Siegmann Music by Joseph Carl Breil Cinematography G.W. Bitzer Editing by D. W. Griffith Studio David W. Griffith Corp. Distributed by Epoch Producing Co. Release date(s) February 8, 1915 Running time 133 minutes[2] (Original release) 190 minutes (at 16 frame/s) Country United States Language Silent film English intertitles Budget $112,000[3] Box office $50,000,000[4] The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and based on the novel and play The Clansman, both by Thomas Dixon, Jr. Griffith co-wrote the screenplay (with Frank E. Woods), and co-produced the film (with Harry Aitken). It was released on February 8, 1915. The film was originally presented in two parts, separated by an intermission. The film chronicles the relationship of two families in Civil War and Reconstruction-era America: the pro-Union Northern Stonemans and the pro-Confederacy Southern Camerons over the course of several years. The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth is dramatized. The film was a commercial success, but was highly controversial owing to its portrayal of African-American men (played by white actors in blackface) as unintelligent and sexually aggressive towards white women, and the portrayal of the Ku Klux Klan (whose original founding is dramatized) as a heroic force.[5][6] There were widespread protests[7] against The Birth of a Nation, and it was banned in several cities. The outcry of racism was so great that Griffith was inspired to produce Intolerance the following year.[8] The film is also credited as one of the events that inspired the formation of the "second era" Ku Klux Klan at Stone Mountain, Georgia, in the same year. The Birth of a Nation was used as a recruiting tool for the KKK.[9] Under President Woodrow Wilson, it was the first motion picture to be shown at the White House.[10] Despite the film's controversial content, Griffith's innovative film techniques make it one of the most important and influential films in the commercial film industry.