kidney failure

kidney failure

Kidney Malfunction Causes, Stages And Symptoms

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Click on http://stayhealthyvideos.com/kidneydisease to learn more about kidney health in general. Click on http://stayhealthyvideos.com/kidneydiet to get detailed information about a kidney healthy diet. Transcript: Kidney Malfunction - Kidney Malfunction Causes, Stages And Symptoms A kidney malfunction is a condition that precedes a disease doctors call chronic renal failure or CRF. Renal failure and kidney failure mean the same thing. A kidney malfunction is an extremely serious medical condition in which kidney function deteriorates due to one or several forms of kidney disease. This deterioration is so critical that eventually, one or both kidneys stop working all together. Kidney malfunction leading to kidney failure can be fatal. Once the kidneys stop working, there are only two ways to survive: a kidney transplant, or kidney dialysis. Since 2002, doctors have used a classification system for ranking the various stages that signify a malfunctioning kidney. Here is a basic version of this classification system. Stage 1: Your kidneys seem to be functioning normally but symptoms of trouble may be detected in kidney tests. This is why it is especially important for those at high risk for kidney malfunction (those with diabetes and hypertension) to get kidney function tests during health check ups. Stage 2: Kidney function becomes slightly impaired. Kidney disease is considered to be mild at this stage, but there is potential for progressive deterioration. Stage 3: At this stage, kidney function is considered to be moderately impaired. Stage 4: Kidney malfunction has become serious, with the kidneys becoming severely impaired and possibly close to failure. Stage 5: Kidney malfunction is complete. The kidneys cannot do their job and medical intervention is necessary. This is known as end stage kidney failure or renal failure. Persons in stages 1 and 2 are considered to be in the beginning stages of kidney disease. They generally experience no symptoms and are completely unaware that kidney malfunction is in progress. A kidney problem at this stage is usually only discovered using kidney function tests. As kidney malfunction progresses through the remaining stages, symptoms begin to appear. Symptoms include: cramping in the abdominal area "flank" or kidney back pain fluid retention or edema (especially in the ankles) general itchiness nausea and vomiting lowered appetite and desire to eat restless legs fatigue and a general lack of energy Unfortunately, as previously mentioned, kidney malfunction can reach a dangerous - even life-threatening stage - before it becomes obvious that you have a serious problem. You can prevent many types of chronic kidney problems by drinking a lot of water. This helps the kidneys function at maximum efficiency by providing fluids that flush toxins and waste products from the bloodstream. People with diabetes and high blood pressure are especially at risk for kidney malfunction. Sugar causes the heart to work harder and forces blood through the nephrons (the tiny filters in the kidneys) at high pressure. This can damage the nephrons and result in a condition called nephrotoxicity, which occurs when the nephrons can no longer screen toxins from the blood stream.