f-35 joint strike fighter

f-35 joint strike fighter

Testing the F35's Afterburner (Lockheed Martin Footage)

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The choice of the F-35 design was made in 2001 as a result of the competition program JSF (Eng. Joint Strike Fighter, a single strike fighter) between companies Boeing (model X-32) and Lockheed Martin (model X-35). The program included the creation of a single model of a fighter for the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps with the possibility of vertical and short takeoff and landing to replace the F-16, A-10, F / A-18, AV-8B. Also undergo replacement British Sea Harrier. The third model (company McDonnell Douglas) was rejected because of the complexity of the design. Final testing of prototypes X-32 and X-35 showed a clear advantage of the latter: he showed off at the site of 150 m in length, developed supersonic speed, landed vertically. One of the main advantages was named method of creating vertical thrust separate fan on the X-35, not just a change in the direction of thrust of the main engines on the X-32 (which forced install rotary nozzle vertical take-off mass in the center, near the air intake, which eventually resulted in a re-entry of exhaust gases into the engine and overheating). As a result of planned development of a unified model of the fighter-bomber for NATO with basing on land and at sea. The program is funded jointly by the United States, the United Kingdom ($ 2.5 billion.), Italy ($ 1.0 billion.), The Netherlands ($ 800 million.), Canada ($ 440 million.), Turkey ($ 175 million.), Australia ($ 144 million). Norway ($ 122 million.) and Denmark ($ 110 million). Total planned to spend on the JSF program about $ 40.0 billion. Procurement plans partner countries are In mid-March 2010, there were reports that Denmark has abandoned plans for the purchase of aircraft F-35 [16], but later it became known that in 2012 planned to hold an open competition, in which as the main rivals of the F-35 will perform F / A -18E / F «Super Hornet» by Boeing and Saab JAS 39 Gripen. [17] Since 2011, Australia's negotiating refusal to purchase hundreds of fighters F-35A Lightning II. Currently Australia has postponed the purchase of fighter planes for two years. In accordance with the report of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute main negative factors are the planned transaction overstating the value of the F-35 almost doubled to delay aircraft deliveries for up to 7 years [18]. Perhaps for this time delay purchases Australia buy additional batch of 24 aircraft F / A-18F Super Hornet, and half of the existing F / A-18F in service to Convert aircraft EW EA-18 Growler. In October 2010, the Israeli Air Force agreed to purchase the first batch of 20 F-35 fighters (96 million dollars per aircraft, the total transaction amount of $ 2.75 billion). [19] Israel has asked the United States for permission to install a number of additional systems of their own development in the field of avionics and armaments purchased fighters. [20] [21] At the end of September 2010, a partial resolution was obtained. The United States put a condition that if Israel's Defense Ministry to increase the order for the F-35, it will be allowed to use them on an increasing number of their own systems and weapons. [22] As part of the ongoing harmonization of the General Staff of the country's long-term plan for the purchase of arms, planned More purchase at least 20 fighters in order to bring the number up to 40 units in 2020 [23]. The supply of fighters to Israel is scheduled to begin in the second half of 2016, sending to Israel first two aircraft within polutoraletnego plan delivery of the first squadron of fighter F-35 [24]. In late June 2011, the Israeli Air Force sent its experts in the US, where they led a group engaged in the development of the Israeli version of the aircraft - F-35I. It is reported that they will work together with representatives of the Pentagon and Lockheed Martin's on issues relating to the integration of Israeli technology in the fifth-generation fighter. The Israeli Air Force hopes to get from the Pentagon permission to...