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HN BB Stroke 2 treat

2y ago


Dr. Paul explains the risk factors for stroke, what you can do to prevent a stroke, and the treatment options following a stroke. Related Videos: What is a Stroke? (Part 1 of 2) | HealthiNation Preventing & Treating Stroke (Part 2 of 2) | HealthiNation TRANSCRIPT: Preventing Stroke Even if you fall into a high risk group, there are actions you can take to reduce your chances of having a stroke. These include: Check-ups. Have your blood pressure checked at least every year. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major risk factor for stroke. Stress. Stress can contribute to high blood pressure, and thereby raise your risk of stroke. So, work to manage your stress. Diabetes. Get tested to see if you have diabetes. Diabetes accelerates blockages of your arteries and increases your risk of stroke. Smoking and alcohol. Stop smoking and limit your alcohol intake. Cholesterol. Know your cholesterol numbers and make sure they are controlled. High cholesterol can clog your arties and keep blood from moving to the brain. Weight. Being overweight increases your stroke risk. Birth Control. Birth control pills can increase the risk of stroke, especially for women who are over 35, smoke, have high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol. Hormone therapy. Women taking hormone replacement therapy may also be at higher risk for stroke. Treating Stroke There are several different ways to treat an ischemic stroke. These include: Medications These types of medications are usually prescribed for ischemic strokes: Clot-Busting Drugs. These drugs must be given within three hours of the start of a stroke in order to work. Anticoagulants, or Anti-Platelet Agents. These medications, like aspirin, may be prescribed to prevent a second stroke from occurring. Surgery Surgery may be an option if you've had an ischemic stroke. Carotid endarterectomy and angioplasty are two possible surgical procedures. These procedure help to open the vessels and thereby increase blood flow to the brain. Rehabilitation After a stroke, many of your body's functions may be affected. Rehabilitation can help restore basic abilities. Your plan may include: Physical Therapy. This can help with movement, balance and coordination. Occupational Therapy. This may be recommended for relearning skills like dressing and bathing. Speech Therapy. This may be used for re-learning how to talk. Dietician. A professional can help you make healthier food choices to prevent a second stroke. Social Worker or Psychologist. These professionals may help you get back on your feet emotionally. Remember, reducing the damaging effects of stroke can be prevented though healthy lifestyle choices and acting fast if a stroke starts to happen. Sources: Stroke. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department Of Health and Human Services, Office of Women's Health, 2009. (Accessed October 19, 2009 at What is Stroke? Centennial, CO .: National Stroke Association, 2009. (Accessed October 19, 2009 at