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1y ago

Description,pancreatic cancer,risk factors, prevention, whole grains, low-glycemic-load, VIT D, Processed meat, bacon, smoked ham, N-nitroso compounds, frying, grilling, PORK, sugar-sweetened foods, flavonols, pancreatic cancer, smokers, 1. Whole Grains and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in a Large Population-based Case-Control Study in the San Francisco Bay Area, California June M. Chan1,2, Furong Wang1 and Elizabeth A. Holly1,3 American Journal of Epidemiology Advance Access originally published online on September 18, 2007 &sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT Conclusions: Identifying modifiable risk factors to prevent pancreatic cancer could have a substantial public health impact, as pancreatic cancer is the most fatal cancer in the United States (1). Several studies have suggested that diets high in fiber (27), low in glycemic load (8), or high in whole grains (9, 10) ( WHICJ IS A low in glycemic load) may confer some protection against pancreatic cancer. Several plausible biologic mechanisms have been hypothesized to underlie these associations, including the beneficial effects of fiber, whole grains, or low-glycemic-load diets on insulin resistance, triglyceride levels, and high density lipoprotein levels. Each of these may directly influence pancreatic cancer risk or interact with other factors such as diabetes to affect risk (8). 2. Pancreatic Cancer and Drinking Water and Dietary Sources of Nitrate and Nitrite ( ANIMAL MEATS) Angela Coss1, Kenneth P. Cantor2, John S. Reif1, Charles F. Lynch3 3. Vitamin D intake and the risk for pancreatic cancer in two cohort studies. Skinner HG, Michaud DS, Giovannucci E, Willett WC, Colditz GA, Fuchs CS. Department of Preventive Medicine, 680 North Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1102 , Chicago , IL 60611 , USA . Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 Sep;15(9):1688-95. Conclusions: In two U.S. cohorts, higher intakes of vitamin D were associated with lower risks for pancreatic cancer. Our results point to a potential role for vitamin D in the pathogenesis and prevention of pancreatic cancer. 4. Consumption of sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective study1,2,3 Susanna C Larsson, Leif Bergkvist and Alicja Wolk American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 84, No. 5, 1171-1176, November 2006 © 2006 American Society for Nutrition Conclsions: People who drank soft drinks or syrup-based drinks twice a day or more had 90% higher risk of getting cancer in the pancreas compared to those who never drank them. - Those who added sugar to their drinks, such as coffee or tea, about 5 times a day had 70% higher risks - Those who ate creamed fruit, a fruit-based Swedish dessert, at least once a day had 50% higher risks - The United States tops the world in consumption of carbonated drinks, with an average 53 gallons per person each year. Next comes Mexico at 40 gallons , followed by Ireland at 32 gallons and Norway at 31 gallons . - High consumption of sugar and high-sugar foods may be associated with a greater risk of pancreatic cancer 5. Flavonols and Pancreatic Cancer Risk The Multiethnic Cohort Study Ute Nöthlings1,2, Suzanne P. Murphy1, Lynne R. Wilkens1, Brian E. Henderson3 and Laurence N. Kolonel1 American Journal of Epidemiology Advance Access originally published online on August 9, 2007 American Journal of Epidemiology 2007 166(8):924-931; doi:10.1093/aje/kwm172 Conclusions: - ...