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Face transplant gives man new life [NBC: 5-10-2011]

5y ago


Subscribe for news updates every 10 minutes. Like/Dislike, Favorite, Comment, or Embed on Blog this video. Like on Facebook to get updates Follow on Twitter to get updates - Isabelle Dinoire, born 1967, was the first person to undergo a partial face transplant, after her Labrador dog mauled her in May 2005. Prior to the operation, she could barely eat or speak, but after the operation, she can do both. Dinoire lives in Valenciennes, northern France, and she is the mother of two children. According to The Australian, she has signed a contract with British documentary maker Michael Hughes. Dinoire's dog 'chewed her face after she passed out from an overdose of sleeping pills.' Some reports following the initial surgery claim that her daughter said that the black Labrador cross (named Tania) was 'frantically' trying to wake Dinoire after she took sleeping pills in a suicide attempt, and Dinoire wrote about her suicidal feelings in her own memoir. The hospital denied this. In a statement made on February 6, 2006, Dinoire said that 'after a very upsetting week, with many personal problems, I took some pills to forget . . . I fainted and fell on the ground, hitting a piece of furniture.'Dinoire's daughter reported that the family is sure that the dog, which was ordered to be euthanized, mutilated Dinoire by accident. They believe that the damage was caused when the dog, finding Dinoire wouldn't wake up, got more and more frantic, and began scratching and clawing her. Dinoire was 'heartbroken' when Tania was forced to be euthanized and kept a picture of the Labrador by her hospital bed; she later bought another dog to aid in her recovery after surgery. Dinoire's injuries affected her nose, lips, chin, and cheeks. She wore a surgical mask to cover the injuries on the lower part of her face, as the upper face was not affected. Doctors and the media debated whether the donor and/or the recipient had attempted suicide, with reports stating that the donor had hanged herself. The family of the donor told the funeral director who handled the donor's death that the donor had an accidental death. Local French newspapers stated that Dinoire's daughter said that the mother attempted to commit suicide. Dubernard said that the recipient did not try to kill herself. Olivier Jardé, an orthopedic surgeon from Ahrens and a member of the French National Assembly, said that both the donor and the recipient attempted suicide. The Sunday Times, a British newspaper, stated that Dinoire said via a telephone interview that she tried to commit suicide. In her 2007 memoir, Dinoire stated that the donor had killed herself, which 'gave Dinoire a feeling of sisterhood' with the donor. The first partial face transplant surgery on a living human was performed on Dinoire on November 27, 2005 by Professor Bernard Devauchelle, assisted by Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard at the Centre hospitalier Universitaire Nord in Amiens, France. A triangle of face tissue, including the nose and mouth, was taken from a brain-dead female donor and grafted onto the patient.'Scientists elsewhere have performed scalp and ear transplants. However, the claim is the first for a mouth and nose transplant. Experts say the mouth and nose are the most difficult parts of the face to transplant.' Dinoire was also given bone marrow cells to prevent rejection of the tissue. Exactly one year following the partial face transplant, Dinoire stated she had the ability to smile again. On November 28, 2006, Dinoire's surgeon, Bernard Devauchelle, said that over the past year Dinoire's scars had become far less prominent. There has been a change in her appearance. Her original face had a wide, tilted nose, a prominent chin and thin lips. The donated face has given her a straight and narrow nose, a smaller chin and a fuller mouth. In 2008, Dinoire admitted in an interview that she sometimes s...