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Ethiopia: The Nile dam project that could lead to war with Egypt

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1. C/U Bulldozer moving rubble 2. C/U Excavator blade 3. M/S Rubble tipped into truck 4. M/S Bulldozer moving earth 5. W/S Earth tipped into truck 6. W/S Bulldozers at work 7. M/S Truck moving 8. W/S Trucks on road 9. W/S Construction site 10. W/S Construction site 11. W/S Riverbank 12. M/S Riverbank SCRIPT Ethiopia: The Nile dam project that could lead to war with Egyptt Ethiopia has been hit by a fresh wave of criticism over its construction of a dam on the upper reaches of the Nile river, with Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi warning on Tuesday that his government would keep 'all options open' in ensuring the security of the country's water supply. The massive $4.2bn (€3.2bn) Grand Renaissance hydroelectric dam project, which when complete will be Africa's largest, could pose the threat of reduced water flowing to Egypt, which receives up to 85 percent of its fresh water from the river. President Morsi swore to 'defend every drop of Nile water with our blood', raising fears of a military confrontation between two of the region's most influential powers. The Grand Renaissance Dam holds the attraction of generating up to 6,000MW of power without recourse to fossil fuels, a valuable commodity if offered for sale across East Africa. However, Egyptian water authorities have estimated that the plans could reduce the flow of the Nile to Egypt by more than 10bn kilolitres. The same report claimed that the reduction in supply could destroy up to 25% of the country's cultivated farmland and put 500,000 farmers out of work. The Ethiopian government has rejected the claims, with a spokesman for prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn calling the speech irresponsible. Officials cited a joint report by Ethiopian, Sudanese and Egyptian which they say has given full approval for the project, but which remains unpublished. Italian construction company Salini Costruttori is continuing work on the project despite the controversy, with primary building slated to finish July 2017.