Activities in which members of this logging syndicate are implicated include the following: • The apparent abduction and detention of Lia Chun Hua,14 the managing director of the Kingwood Industry logging company. • Large-scale illegal logging in the Prey Long Forest carried out under the guise of the Tumring Rubber Plantation development. • Felling of thousands of resin-producing trees tapped by local people who depended on them as a source of income. Resin trees are protected under Cambodian law. • A reported attempt by Seng Kok Heang to kill two community forest activists in Tumring who protested against the Seng Keang Company's felling of resin trees. • Use of fraudulent transportation permits describing logs as lesser-value firewood. This may have cost the Cambodian treasury over a million dollars in lost tax revenues. • The export to China of millions of dollars-worth of plywood on which no taxes appear to have been paid. • Establishment in Tumring of a factory for sawing wood and making veneer. Cambodia's Forest Law prohibits construction of wood-processing facilities in forest areas. • This factory's processing of over 100,000 cubic metres (m3) of logs a year into timber products worth more than US$13 million annually. Most of the logs used were cut illegally in Prey Long. • The above activities are covered by existing Cambodian law and are punishable by prison sentences and fines. Dy Chouch, Seng Keang, Khun Thong and Seng Kok Heang have not been prosecuted, however. Senior officials are complicit in these activities: • Prime Minister Hun Sen personally inaugurated the Tumring Rubber Plantation that provided the basis for massive illegal logging of Prey Long by the Seng Keang Company. • Establishment of this plantation followed a survey of the Tumring site by MAFF, which is run by Chan Sarun. His brother-in-law, Khun Thong, is a leading figure in the Seng Keang Company. This MAFF survey misleadingly categorised the area as land containing only small amounts of valuable forest. • Despite claiming a lack of valuable timber in the area, Chan Sarun awarded exclusive rights to Seng Keang Company to collect and process all wood cut in Tumring Rubber Plantation. • Chan Sarun subsequently gave the company the permit to establish its wood-processing factory in Tumring, despite the fact that this was illegal. • The FA, which is run by Khun Thong's sonin- law Ty Sokhun, has played a key role in facilitating Seng Keang Company's illegal logging and other criminal activities.